2012 Census of Agriculture

Nationally, there are 33,371 Black or African American principal operators and 67,000 principal 0perators who are Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino. Since 2007, both of these numbers have increased. Today, Black or African American principal operators and those who are Spanish, Hispanic or Latino comprise 1.6% and 3.1% of principal operators respectively and generated $846 million and $8.6 billion nationally in sales.

The Census of Agriculture defines a principal operator as “the person primarily responsible for the on-site, day-to-day operation of the farm or ranch business.”

One principal operator is counted per farm. While the Census counts all operators, demographic and other data are only collected for the principal operator plus up to two additional operators. As the Census of Agriculture notes, “this may be fewer than the total operators on some farms.”

To learn more about farm operator characteristics in the 2012 Census of Agriculture,

see the topical factsheets at:


County Data Sheets

To find your county...click on the file that contains your county name.All counties are listed alphabetically.


To print your county...scroll down to it and print the current page(s) only. To print the entire series, print all pages in each file.


PDF Files:

~ ~ Each Data Sheet is 1 Page Long ~ ~


To view these files, you will need Adobe Acrobat.

Adair County through Carlisle County

Carroll County through Garrard County

Grant County through Knott County

Knox County through Martin County

Mason County through Pulaski County

Robertson County through Woodford County

Data Sources

These data are from the 2012 Census of Agriculture and are available from the

USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service at http://www.agcensus.usda.gov

County-level data by operator race and ethnicity are available in Tables 49-55.

State-level data include additional characteristics of operators and principal operators and are available in Tables 58-63.